The redear has a relatively small mouth and is deep-bodied. The name “shellcracker” comes from the redear’s utilization of snails as a major food item. Warm water with little current and abundant aquatic vegetation is favored habitat. Redears generally are not surface feeders and normally do not take surface flies or other artificial top baits. Natural bait such as earthworms and grubs are good choices. Redear are on spawning beds in early summer and easier to catch. Few individuals survive more than six summers.